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Angola

Angola is surrounded by South Atlantic Ocean, between Namibia and Democratic Republic of the Congo. Explore Angola from its plateaus to its high mountains, from its beautiful beaches to its dense tropical rain forests and experience the diversity of the nation which has fifteen different ethnic groups.  Tour Luanda, the capital city of Angola.
Angola Facts:

Full country name: Angola

Area: 1,246,700 sq km

Population: 13,068,161 (July 2010 est.)

Capital city: Luanda Main

People: Ovimbundu 37%, Kimbundu 25%, Bakongo 13%, mestico (mixed European and native African) 2%, European 1%, other 22%

Language: Portuguese (official), Bantu and other African languages

Religion: indigenous beliefs 47%, Roman Catholic 38%, Protestant 15% (1998 est.)

Government: Republic

Communications: Dial 011 followed by country code 244

 CLIMATE

Warm season: February 22 to May 22 average daily high temperature above 93°F.

Cold season:  July 8 to September 24 average daily high temperature below 61°F.

Language: Portugal is the Official Language; English is also widely spoken

 

PLACES OF INTEREST

 

Ruin of M’banza Kongo

M’banza Kongo was a very important political and administrative Center, because it was the capital of the very old kingdom of kongo, which expanded from Angola at actual Republic of Kongo. The first portuguese contact with the king of Kongo is since 1490 and took place in the capital of M’banza Kongo where was inatalled the diocese of Angola and Kongo. Actually, M’banza Kongo still contains an irnportant nurober of edifications or evidencies which belongs to the XVI Century such as: The old Cathedral Ruins, built in the same place where the first church in the south of the equator was built by the portugueses, before; The residence of the kings of the Kongo, where is now the Museum of the Kongo kingdom; The kings tomb, and many others edifications which are an extraordinary report of the past and the historical, cultural, archaeologic, religious and even political points of view. The historical area of M’banza Kongo, was classified in 1957, due its great importance for the Angolan Cultural Heritage, for the African Continent, for the Central Africa, and even for the World. It is a state property and the responsibility for its maintenance, preservation and administration concerns the Ministry of Culture, the government of Zaire Province and the Catholic Church.

 

Fortress of S. Pedro da Barra

The Fortress of “S. Pedro da Barra”, situated on the ancient “Morro de Kassandama”, actually “Ngola Kiluange” quarter, in Luanda.In 1663, the King of Portugal sent to raise a strong defence of the “Barra de Luanda”. It means that although the Portress of “S. Pedro da Barra” has been founded in 1703, another more ancient fortress was built in same place to offer more solidity to the portuguese occupation and this went a long way to give a bigger protection to its economic benefits in the region.For years, and when the incursions of the other colonial potencies were stopped, the Fortress of “S. Pedro da Barra” was used as a lodging of slaves in transit, arising from the Factories (Feitorias) of the “Sertao”, and who were sent to the lands of “New World” (America).It was classified as National Monument by Provincial Decret n. 1057, 10 of November of 1932.It is badly preserved, on account of its successive functions (military and defensive). It is also a state property, and- the responsibility for its maintenance and preservation concerns the Ministry of Defence and the Ministry of Culture.